Diets 12 June 2016

Child and Adolescent Special Diets

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Nowadays, science has fully proved that how much baby nutrition in infancy and infancy can affect the mental health of the child in adulthood, but unfortunately this issue is completely hidden from the evidence, and the reason is that rarely find people. Parallel to identifying a pediatrician for their child, they also identify a nutritionist for their child. Our specialists have been able to design and deliver special programs that will make you comfortable with your physical health, growth and nutritional deficiencies, taking into account all aspects of this era. Certainly you can with this sense of trust during the first month Feel the difference between our programs and what you have seen and heard so far. We will draw your attention to useful explanation sections on this subject.

The stages of natural development and development of the child

One of the obvious changes in the first year of life is the physical growth of the baby. The first year of life is the time of astonishing changes in which babies grow 25 centimeters in length, and their weight is tripled by birth.

After the first year of the baby, it will not grow so fast, and this is normal. Below are some important points about how much your child's amount and growth rate should be:

  • Just do not think about weight gain: In the first or the first few weeks after the birth of the baby, 10% of his weight falls. But again, this very soon regains the lost weight. For this reason, pediatricians expect that the baby's weight will double to 4 months of age and triple their weight until their first birth.

  • The growth table is a good start: your baby's doctor examines her growth on the height and weight chart. At each examination, his growth curve should be upward and should not have a sudden jump at one visit (for example, from the 10th percentile to the 50th percentile).

  • Genes also play a role: while percentiles of height and weight are usually in the same domain, genetics plays a large role. If your father or you are tall, it is not surprising that your baby's height is at the top of the ninety and his weight is at 50 percentile.

  • The birth weight of a baby depends on several factors, including:

    1. The length of the pregnancy: the baby is more likely to be born at the end of the nine months, it is more weight. The baby's weight is the highest during the last 3 months of pregnancy.

    2. Parental size Parent: If the parents are unusually large or small, the baby may be larger or smaller than usual.

    3. Complications during pregnancy: If your mother's high blood pressure or other illnesses during pregnancy, the baby may have a birth weight less than usual, and on the contrary, if the mother is pregnant with diabetes, the baby He may be more likely to be born than other infants.

    4. Nutrition during pregnancy: If an embryo in the uterus is not well fed due to inadequate breastfeeding or maternal illness during pregnancy, it will be born less than normal in normal condition.

    5. Smoking or drinking alcohol or other unwanted drugs during pregnancy by the mother: If the mother is addicted to taking any of these substances during pregnancy, the baby will have less than normal birth weight.

      Some babies who are bigger or smaller than normal may have problems coping with ectopic pregnancy. For the neonatal physician to find out that the baby's birth weight is less or more than normal, it uses a growth curve and controls the child's growth using the growth curve.

      At the time of discharge from the hospital, the mother sends her birth control card. In this card, the size, height, and head circumference of the head of the baby are marked in the growth curve. Each time you take the baby to a pediatrician, you must accompany your pediatric card so that the physician will measure at each clinical examination, height, weight, and circumference of the baby and chart it in the growth curve card.

  • Monitor child growth

    Regular child weights, growth curves, and timely and necessary measures to improve the child's growth status are monitored growth.

    This is the easiest way to find out how to grow and, in fact, assess the health of the child. The World Health Organization recommends that the weight of children measured up to 36 months of age every month and their growth rate be assessed. In our country, children are usually weighed once a year in the first year of every two months, in the second year of life every two months once in the third year.

    The importance of monitoring growth

    Growth monitoring is the best way to find out about the nutritional adequacy of a child and the best way to ensure that he or she is healthy and healthy. Any deviation occurs in the child's growth status, since it is diagnosed very soon, it can be corrected faster and prevented from continuing.

  • Growth Monitoring Card

    To monitor growth, you need to use a growth tracking card, which is in fact the mirror of the child's health and the basis of care for her growth. The Growth Monitoring Card has at least three curve lines for reference and horizontal and vertical lines, the horizontal lines related to the child's age and the moon, and the vertical lines related to the child's weight and kilograms.

    At each first visit, the child is weighted accurately, then his exact age is determined by the moon on the horizontal line and his weight on the vertical axis, then the vertical line crosses from the child's age point to the line The horizontal point from the point of its weight into the curve comes from the point recorded in the growth tracking card. While referring frequently to the times mentioned above and connecting these points on the card, the child's growth curve is drawn.

    At the same time as measuring the weight and drawing the curve, it is necessary to measure the height and length of the child's head, and plotting on the corresponding curve and the curve of the two.

  • Natural growth

    The natural growth curve should be continuously parallel to one of the growth card lines of the card and proceed in the direction of the child's own curve, along the low curve and curve of the growth card. It is worth noting that the curve is not always perfectly flat and may be accompanied by slight variations.

  • Deviation from natural growth

    Deviations from natural growth include:

    1. Grow or lack of proper weight gain during a specified period: The weight gain of these children is slower than normal, that is, while the child's growth curve is rising but its tilt is milder than the reference curve, it is a warning sign that needs care It is special.

    2. Stopping or stopping growth does not increase in these children for some time, which requires careful monitoring and early follow-up.

    3. The child's growth curve is slowing down. Indicating the slowdown, which may be sudden or gradual, requires immediate follow-up.

    4. Overweight: Weight gain is more than normal. This phenomenon is due to excessive nutrition and should be investigated if it persists.

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Last modified on 14 October 2018
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